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How Do I Restore Windows Firewall Ports For Active Directory?

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    Recently, some of our readers have encountered a known error with Windows Firewall ports for Active Directory. This problem can arise for several reasons. Now let’s talk about some of them. TCP 88 (Kerberos Key Distribution Center)TCP 135 (remote procedure call)TCP 139 (NetBIOS Session Service)TCP389 (LDAP)TCP 445 (SMB, netwrite)UDP 53 (DNS)UDP 389 (LDAP, DC locator, network registration)TCP 49152-65535 (high TCP ports are assigned randomly)

    This article provides information on how to configure the firewall for Active Directory domains and trusts.

    Applies to: Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Standard
    Original Knowledge Base Number: 179442

    Additional Information

    Client port (s) Server port Cervis
    1024-65535 / TCP 135 / TCP RPC Endpoint Mapper
    1024-65535 / TCP 1024-65535 / TCP RPC for LSA, SAM, NetLogon (*)
    1024-65535 / TCP / UDP 389 / TCP / UDP LDAP
    1024-65535 / TCP 636 / TCP LDAP-SSL
    1024-65535 / TCP 3268 / TCP LDAP-GC
    1024-65535 / TCP 3269 / TCP LDAP-GC-SSL
    53 1024-65535 / TCP / UDP 53 / TCP / UDP DNS
    1024-65535 / TCP / UDP 88 / TCP / UDP Kerberos
    1024-65535 / TCP 445 / TCP SME
    1024-65535 / TCP 1024-65535 / TCP FRS-RPC (*)

    The NetBIOS ports listed for Windows NT are also required for Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003 if you are setting up trusts with domains that only schedule NetBIOS-based communications. Examples are NT-based Windows operating systems or third-party Samba-based domain controllers.

    For more information on the characteristics of the RPC server ports used by LSA-RPC, see:

    Windows Server 2008 And Versions

    Newer versions of Windows Server 2010 or Windows Server provide a common extended range of dynamic client ports for outbound connections. The standard start port 49152 is new, and our own standard end port is 65535. Therefore, you need to increase the RPC transmission range in your firewalls. This decision was made in accordance with the IANA recommendations. This is in contrast to a mixed-mode Web site of Windows Server 2003 blog controllers, Windows 2000 domain remote devices, or legacy clients, where the dynamic port range is 1,025,000 free of charge.

    For more information on how to effectively change the port range from Windows to Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2, see:

    Client port (s) Server port Service
    49152-65535 / UDP 123 / UDP W32Time
    49152-65535 / TCP 135 / TCP RPC Endpoint Mapper
    49152-65535 / TCP 464 / TCP / UDP Modifying Kerberos
    49152-65535 / TCP 49152-65535 / TCP RPC password for LSA, SAM, NetLogon (*)
    49152-65535 / TCP / UDP 389 / TCP / UDP LDAP
    49152-65535 / TCP 636 / TCP LDAP-SSL
    49152-65535 / TCP 3268 / TCP LDAP-GC
    49152-65535 / TCP 3269 / TCP LDAP-GC-SSL
    53, 49152-65535 / TCP / UDP 53 / TCP / UDP DNS
    49152-65535 / TCP 49152-65535 / TCP FRS-RPC (*)
    49152-65535 / TCP / UDP 88 / TCP / UDP Kerberos
    49152-65535 / TCP / UDP 445 / TCP PME (**)
    49152-65535 / TCP 49152-65535 / TCP DFSR-RPC (*)

    NetBIOS domains listed for Windows NT are also required for Windows 2000 and in addition to Server 2003 if trusts are configured in fields that only support NetBIOS-based communications. Examples are NT-based Windows systems or third-party domain controllers if they are Samba-based.

    (*) For more information on defining host server ports Pa via RPCs used by the LSA-RPC service, see:

    (**) This port is not required to set up a trust, it is only used to create a trust.

    Active Directory

    The Microsoft LDAP client uses ICMP ping when the LDAP request type has been waiting for a long time waiting for an amazing response. It sends ping requests that can be used to verify that the server is still online. If it doesn’t receive a ping response, it processes all our LDAP requests using LDAP_TIMEOUT.Windows

    . fail

    What ports need to be open for domain controllers?

    UDP and TCP ports 135 are required for communication with domain controllers and clients with site controllers. The network ports TCP port 139 and UDP 138 are simply used by the SYSVOL Replication service to process the contents of the SYSVOL folder.

    The redirector also uses ICMP ping messages to check if the server’s IP address is resolved by DNS and the connection, and after the server is discovered by DFS. If you want to split ICMP traffic, you can use the following example ICMP firewall rule:

    -> Domain Controller IP = Allow

    Unlike all TCP layers and layers UDP protocol, ICMP cannot find the port number. This is because ICMP is usually located directly at that particular IP layer.

    By default, Windows Server 2004 and Windows 2000 Server Server, the Dynamic Naming Service, use short-lived client-side ports when these companies query the DNS of other servers. This behavior can be changed with a new custom registry setting. You can also set up trusts by using a mandatory point-to-point tunneling protocol (PPTP) tunnel. This limits the number of ports on which the firewall must be open. The following ports must always be enabled for PPTP.

    Client Ports Server port Protocol
    1024-65535 / TCP 1723 / TCP PPTP

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    windows firewall ports for active directory

    Service Map and Network Openness Requirements for Windows is a valuable resource that describes the open networks, protocols, and required services that belong to Microsoft client and server systems, Server programs and or even auxiliary systems. -Components for physics Microsoft Windows Server. Administrators and support professionals can implement this article as a roadmap for identifying the ports and protocols that Microsoft operating systems and programs need to support network connections on a sharded network.

    You are not really using the port information in the Windows Summary of Port Network Services and Requirements to protect against Windows Firewall. For more information about configuring and configuring Windows Firewall, see Windows under Advanced Security Firewall .

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    The ports described in the tables are not used in all scenarios. For example, as long as the firewall separates the principals and domain controllers, you do not need to open new FRS or DFSR ports. Of course, if you know that no LDAP client uses SSL / TLS, you don’t need to open ports 636 or 3269.

    What is Active Directory port?

    If your preferred Firebox is configured to authenticate people with an Active Directory (AD) validation server, it connects to the default Active Directory server using the standard LDAP port, which is TCP port 389.

    The controllers in the second domain are in the same forest, or the controllers in the second domain areare found in almost every single forest. Additionally, cross-forest trusts are from Windows Server ’03 or later.

    windows firewall ports for active directory

    External trust over 123 / UDP is only required if you have manually configured Windows Time-To-Service to synchronize with a host through an external trust.

    When entering permissions on a resource in a trusted domain for users of the same trusted domain, there is some inaccuracy between the behavior of Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0. If the workstation cannot display the list of users in my remote domain, consider the specific behavior:

    • Windows after NT 4.0 tries to process manually entered names by contacting the PDC to retrieve the remote user’s site name (UDP 138). If this connection fails, Windows NT 4.0 computers connect their PDC to the Internet, own it, and then openly request name resolution.
    • Windows 3000 and Windows Server 2003 are also trying to communicate with the remote user’s PDC permission over UDP 138. However, this company is not looking to buy its own PDC. Make sure all member servers running Windows 2000 andtherefore, shared Windows Server 2003 servers that are granted access have a UDP 138 connection to our remote PDC.

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